The first day of the United Nations General Assembly assembly kicked off in downtown Manhattan Tuesday, bringing in audio system from around the globe to debate the globe’s most urgent challenges.
Leaders spoke of the numerous international crises presently confronted, together with the climate crisis, rampant inequality, Russia’s ongoing struggle in Ukraine, and geopolitical instability.
Here are some highlights of the leaders who spoke on Day 1:
UN Secretary-General António Guterres evoked the latest floods in Libya which – in keeping with estimates from authorities officers and help businesses – induced between 4,000 and 11,000 deaths. Guterres echoed the conclusions of scientists who’ve mentioned that climate change made the devastating storm 50% extra intense.
“In the face of all these challenges and more, compromise has become a dirty word. Our world needs statesmanship, not gamesmanship and gridlock. As I told the G20, it is time for a global compromise. Politics is compromise. Diplomacy is compromise,” he mentioned. “Effective leadership is compromise. Leaders have a special responsibility to achieve compromise in building a common future of peace and prosperity for our common good.”
PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
Dennis Francis, the president of this yr’s U.N. General Assembly, mentioned a standard, international method is required now greater than ever as the worldwide faces geopolitical conflicts, climate change, debt, vitality and meals crises, in addition to poverty and famine.
“This year our imperative is clear: to unite the nations, to be united in conviction of common purpose and in solidarity of action,” Francis mentioned.
Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva proclaimed that “Brazil is back,” drawing a distinction with his predecessor, Jair Bolsonaro, who confirmed little curiosity in geopolitics or diplomacy throughout his 4 years in workplace.
“Brazil is reencountering itself, the region, the world and multilateralism,” Lula mentioned. “As I never tire of saying, Brazil is back. Our country is back to give our due contribution to face the world’s primary challenges.”
Last yr, the left-wing president narrowly gained the election earlier than Bolsonaro supporters stormed the capital in protest.
U.S. President Joe Biden made his case earlier than the General Assembly that the world should stand united behind Ukraine because it battles Russian aggression.
“I ask you this: If we abandon the core principles of the United States to appease an aggressor, can any member state in this body feel confident that they are protected?” Biden mentioned in his tackle. “If we allow Ukraine to be carved up, is the independence of any nation secure?
Columbian President Gustavo Petro painted a dark picture if the nations of the world do not address climate change.
With grandiose language, Petro said the past year was one that “humanity misplaced” as it “superior the instances of extinction.”
He warned that the climate crisis has exacerbated the refugee crisis, warning that in the next half-century, climate refugees could reach 3 billion.
Jordan’s King Abdullah touched on the refugee crisis, saying his country does not have the ability to host, nor care for more Syrian refugees.
“Syrian refugees’ future is of their nation, not in host international locations,” he said. “But till they can return, we should all do proper by them.”
Polish President Andrzej Duda likened the Russian invasion of Ukraine to the World War II occupation and partition of his own country by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. He urged the world to hold Moscow accountable for its “barbaric actions.”
“Poland misplaced its independence, was wiped (off) the map of the world, and subjected to a particularly brutal occupation. This is exactly why we perceive the tragedy of Ukraine higher than some other nation,” Duda said.
Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel took aim at the U.S., calling its foreign policy with some countries – including his own – “unilateral” and “coercive.” His speech was noticeably absent, any mention of Russia, which supports the island nation.
Díaz-Canel said U.S. sanctions “at present additionally have an effect on Venezuela, Nicaragua and, earlier than and after, they’ve been the prelude to invasions and (the) overthrow of uncomfortable governments within the Middle East.”
“We reject the coercive and unilateral measures imposed on international locations like Zimbabwe, Syria, the Democratic Republic of Korea and Iran, amongst many different international locations whose folks endure the destructive affect of those,” he said.
His comments come days after he and Brazilian President Lula reignited ties between the countries at the G77 summit in Havana, with the former lamenting the U.S. embargo of Cuba.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan called for peace in the Caucasus region amid renewed fighting in a war-torn Nagorno-Karabakh region.
“In order to utilize this chance we connect significance to the normalization of our relationships with Armenia,” Erdogan said. “From the outset we at all times supported diplomacy between Azerbaijan and Armenia. Unfortunately, we see that Armenia can not make use of this historic alternative.”
Portugues President Marcelo de Sousa stressed the need for more action and less talk on global inequality, climate change, and reforming international institutions in the wake of the war in Ukraine.
“Year after yr, we promise. It’s time to meet,” he said, warning that without reform: “there isn’t any multilateralism potential, there isn’t any lasting cooperation, there isn’t any peace, everywhere in the world.”
Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, the emir of Qatar, said Tuesday that sports can play a role in uniting different peoples and cultures across the world.
At the United Nations General Assembly, Sheikh Tamim touted the “great potentials and alternatives” that belong to his small Arab country, which hosted the soccer World Cup last fall.
“During the 2022 World Cup in Qatar, there was a possibility for interplay between peoples, and it was a possibility for the world to see our folks as they’re and to find out about our tradition and values,” Sheikh Tamim said, calling Qatar a “international vacation spot and nexus between East and West.”
South African President Cyril Ramaphosa acknowledged the over-representation of men in the room, asking: “Where are the ladies of the world?”
In his speech, he stressed the need to empower women and have them participate equally in decision-making. Fifty percent of cabinet members in South Africa are women, and Ramaphosa said he was accompanied by an all-female delegation to the United Nations.
President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedow called for multilateralism, as the world faces “very critical challenges out of a number of areas.”
“All of them, regardless of their distinction in look, affect the course of interstate relations, [to] a better or lesser extent,” he said.
Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy accused Russia of “weaponizing” everything from food and energy to abducted children in its war against his country.
He warned world leaders that the same thing could happen to them.
“When hatred is weaponized in opposition to one nation, it by no means stops there,” he said at the U.N. General Assembly’s annual top-level meeting. “The aim of the current struggle in opposition to Ukraine is to show our land, our folks, our lives, our sources into weapons in opposition to you — in opposition to the worldwide rules-based order.”
In his last speech to the United Nations, Guateleman President Alejandro Giammattei promised he would step down come January 14, after appealing the electoral victoria of his opponent Bernardo Arévalo.
“Different from the shortage of fact that we’ve got heard at present on this podium, I’ll hand over energy to whoever was elected by the sovereign majority will of the folks of Guatemala on January 14, when my constitutional mandate is fulfilled,” Giammattei said, criticizing “worldwide organizations” for carrying out an “pointless” intervention” in Guatemalan elections.
Hungarian President Katalin Novák spoke of the necessity to assist Ukraine, in addition to strengthening households, and the significance of parental freedom.
Swiss President Alain Berset mentioned: “In the context of armed conflicts, the lack of access to basic services claims many more lives than confrontations because it depends on inequalities.”
Slovenian President Nataša Pirc Musar warned that “business as usual is not working if it’s failing us all.”
“Climate change is the greatest challenge of our time. The catastrophic floods that hit Slovenia in August are just one more event among the many, many events around the world that prove the point. I trust that we will be able to overcome the consequences of the floods.”
Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev spoke out in opposition to pressured baby labor.
“Our experience shows that it is possible to put an end to this,” he mentioned.
Mirziyoyev highlighted the necessity to develop training and create jobs, saying such issues had been instrumental in eradicating poverty.
Bolivian President Luis Arce spoke out forcefully in opposition to capitalism which, he argued, exacerbated international inequality. He additionally spoke of the “suffering” of the Palestinian folks and criticized sanctions as in the end hurting civilians.
He lamented that “peacekeeping” has turn into extra unattainable amid will increase in wartime spending.
Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev proposed nuclear disarmament, noting that his nation gave up its arsenal some 30 years in the past. At the time, Kazakhstan had the fourth-largest variety of nuclear weapons.
Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi took photographs on the West, saying sure nations “are attempting to incite conflicts in different regions employing a cold war mentality.”
Reading from the Koran, Raisi mentioned Iran “has played a significant role in defeating the global arrogance.”
His look on the UN General Assembly assembly introduced mass protests, with demonstrators denouncing his look. Israel’s Ambassador to the UN Gilad Erdan left the assembly in protest.
Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune homed in on the plight of the Palestinians. He known as upon the UN to grant Palestine everlasting member standing.
President Alberto Fernández referenced the latest flare-up in Azerbaijan, the place army forces have began to take management of the contested Nagorno Karabakh area.
“The international community cannot remain indifferent to this reality,” he mentioned. “It must act preventively to avoid new ethnic, racial, religious, or political persecution.”
El Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele touted his nation’s success in tackling its gang downside.
“El Salvador went from being literally the most dangerous country in the world, to being the safest in Latin America,” he mentioned.
Kyrgyz President Sadyr Zhaparov mentioned the world was “at a turning point” and that the “negative” modifications on this planet order had been turning into obvious.
“Geopolitical tensions are moving to the fact that the world is moving towards fragmentation, into regional, sub-regional, financial blocs and systems,” he mentioned. “It is also obvious that the governments of various countries will be compelled or forced to make economic, technological, and geopolitical choices.”
Paraguayan President Santiago Peña Palacios warned that multilateralism faces “very visible challenges in terms of efficacy and legitimacy.”
Fox News Digital’s Chris Pandolfo and The Associated Press contributed to this report.