In the footsteps of Jesus: 2,000-year-old trade receipt found in Jerusalem

An historical 2,000-year-old receipt was found by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) alongside the City of David’s Pilgrimage Road in Jerusalem, in response to an announcement Wednesday.

A small fragment of a stone pill was found with the identify “Shimon” inscribed in Hebrew, reportedly accompanied by traces of letters and numbers suggesting a monetary file was taken and indicating that cash was concerned in a transaction.

“At first glance, the names and numbers may not seem exciting, but to think that, just like today, receipts were also used in the past for commercial purposes, and that such a receipt has reached us, is a rare and gratifying find that allows a glimpse into everyday life in the holy city of Jerusalem,” the IAA mentioned in a press release posted to Facebook. 

“The everyday life of the inhabitants of Jerusalem who resided here 2,000 years ago is expressed in this simple object.”

The Israel Antiquities Authority found a 2,000-year-old receipt found on Pilgrimage Road in Jerusalem. (Israel Antiquities Authority)


Four different related Hebrew inscriptions courting to the Early Roman interval, the period also referred to as the time of Jesus Christ, have additionally been found in Jerusalem and Bet Shemesh, in response to Excavation Director Nahshon Szanton and Esther Eshel, an epigraphist and a professor with Bar-Ilan University.

But the most up-to-date discovery is the first of its sort to have been found from this historic period inside boundaries of the metropolis of Jerusalem.

According to researchers, the inscription was carved utilizing a pointy instrument on a chalkstone slab, which was historically used as an ossuary or burial chest in Jerusalem and Judea between 37 B.C. to 70 A.D.

Israeli excavators discover ancient recipt

A 2,000-year-old receipt was found on Pilgrimage Road in Jerusalem. (Israel Antiquities Authority)


“Ossuaries are generally found in graves outside the city, but their presence has also been documented inside the city, perhaps as a commodity sold in a local artisan’s workshop or store,” the assertion famous.

The historic receipt was found in the decrease metropolis alongside the Pilgrimage Road, roughly one third of a mile in size and connecting the metropolis gate from the south of the City of David to the Temple Mount. 

This highway “essentially served as the main thoroughfare of Jerusalem at the time,” the IAA mentioned. 

City of David renderings

Pilgrimage Road connecting the City of David and the Temple Mount gates. (Shalom Kveller & City of David Archives)

“The combination of the architectural and tangible space of the huge, paved stones of the square that were preserved at the site and the discovery of small finds in this area, such as the measuring table and the new inscription, allow us to reconstruct parts of the incredibly unique archeological puzzle in one of the vibrant centers that existed in ancient Jerusalem,” Szanton and Eshel mentioned in a joint assertion revealed in the journal Atiqot. 

“Each piece of data, and definitely an historical inscription, provides a brand new and interesting dimension to the history of the city.”


“The Pilgrimage Road, which is continually being uncovered in the City of David National Park in Jerusalem, is a flagship project of the Israel Antiquities Authority,” Eli Escusido, director of the Israel Antiquities Authority mentioned in a press launch.

“It is not a coincidence that the many discoveries which are being revealed in the excavation shed light on the centrality of this road even during the Second Temple period. With every discovery, our understanding of the area deepens, revealing this street’s pivotal role in the daily lives of Jerusalem’s inhabitants 2,000 years ago.”

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